Why is it called juneteenth and not june 19th : The majority of states celebrate Juneteenth as a holiday or a day of commemoration, similar to how Flag Day is observed, and the great majority of states acknowledge the event. The 19th of June is celebrated as a paid holiday in the states of Texas, New York, Virginia, and Washington. Additionally, hundreds of private businesses offer their employees the opportunity to take the day off on Juneteenth.
The national confrontation with race helped pave the way for Juneteenth to become the first new holiday recognized by the federal government since Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established in 1983.
Sen. Edward Markey (D – Massachusetts) was the primary proponent of the legislation, which also received support from sixty other senators. As legislators struggled to overcome tensions that are still seething after the assassination of George Floyd by police officers in Minnesota the previous year, there arose bipartisan support for the cause.
Those who advocate for the Juneteenth celebration have made it their mission to remind those who celebrate it of the day’s historical significance.
Jacksonville is home to a prominent historian by the name of Adonnica Toller. At the present time, she serves as the curator of the Eartha M.M. White Historical Museum, which is located inside the Clara White Mission. Toller discusses the conflict that occurred in this nation during the Civil War between the states that were a part of the Union and the states that were a part of the Confederacy.
“The Emancipation Proclamation set slaves free in countries other than the United States. The Confederacy was a nation in its own right, complete with its own flag and currency. Virginia served as the location of their main office. Toller said that Jefferson Davis held the presidency of the nation.
On June 19, 1865, Union Major General Gordon Granger and his forces came to Galveston with the news that the war had finished and that the people who had been slaves were now free. It had been more than two months since Union General Ulysses S. Grant had accepted the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Virginia.
Granger was responsible for the delivery of General Order No. 3, which said as follows: “In line with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free.” This entails complete and total equality of personal rights as well as rights to property between formerly owned slaves and their former masters, and the relationship that had previously existed between them is transformed into that of an employer and an employee.
Why is it called Juneteenth vs June 19th?
The celebration of Juneteenth takes place every year on June 19 to remember the day in 1865 when enslaved people in Galveston, Texas, were informed that they were finally free. It had been two years since President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, one year after the Senate had enacted the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery on April 18, 1864, and six months since the House had passed it on January 31, 1865.
The narrative of African-American history in the United States is one of “justice denied” and “justice delayed” much too often. This is not an issue that just Black people face. It is an issue that the United States faces. Think about the events that have transpired over the past few years, such as a global pandemic that is disproportionately impacting Black and Brown communities, a righteous reckoning over-policing and its relationship to anti-Black violence, and the toppling and removal of anti-Black monuments from public spaces. These are just a few examples of what has transpired.
These unsettling times provide emphatic confirmation that the work being done by Black studies departments, programs, centers, and institutes are as essential today as it has ever been.
During the American Civil War, in the year 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which at the time freed more than three million people who were being held as slaves in states that were a part of the Confederacy. However, it would be more than two years before the news would reach African Americans who were residing in the state of Texas.
The citizens of Texas were not informed that slavery had been abolished until the 19th of June, 1865, when Union forces landed in Galveston. Prior to this date, they had no idea that slavery had been abolished. The people who had previously been held as slaves started their celebration right away by praying, dining, singing, and dancing.
When did Juneteenth become called Juneteenth?
You may have heard that on Thursday, June 17th, President Joe Biden made Juneteenth a federal holiday in the United States by signing the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law. This act established Juneteenth as a day to celebrate the end of slavery in the United States. Regardless of how you found out about Juneteenth, you may be in the same position as the listener who had the question that sparked the idea for this essay. You may be curious about the nature of the holiday, how it got its name, and what it commemorates. If yes, continue reading!
The celebration of Juneteenth is held to commemorate the end of the institution of slavery among African Americans in the United States. “June” and “nineteenth” are the two words that were combined to create the name “Juneteenth.” It is regarded to be the first African-American holiday, and yearly festivities of the event have been held on June 19th in various sections of the nation beginning in 1866. Many people utilize the opportunity on this day to celebrate African-American culture in addition to acknowledging the end of slavery.
Now, some background on the past. On January 1, 1863, then-President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation to end slavery in the United States. He declared “that all individuals kept as slaves” in the states that were revolting against the Confederacy “are, and henceforth will be free.” This happened while the Civil War had already been going on for approximately three years.
However, persons who were slaves were not immediately released by the stroke of Lincoln’s pen since the Emancipation Proclamation could not be enforced in areas that were still controlled by the Confederacy. In spite of the proclamation, slavery did not end in Texas, which was the most western state in the Confederacy. At Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, bringing an end to the conflict between the North and the South.
“In line with a Proclamation issued by the Executive of the United States, the citizens of Texas have been told that all slaves are now free to pursue their own lives. This entails complete and total equality of rights, including rights to one’s property, between once owned slaves and their former masters, and the relationship that had previously existed between them is recast as that of an employer and an employee “This is how part of the order reads.
It should not come as a surprise that many formerly enslaved people did not continue to labor on plantations once they were freed; rather, many departed in quest of fresh beginnings or to locate family members who had been taken from them.
According to Shane Bolles Walsh, a professor in the African American Studies Department at the University of Maryland, who spoke with NPR about the event, “It instantly altered the game for 250,000 individuals.”
Black individuals who had been enslaved and were now free had many reasons to rejoice. A former slave named Felix Haywood reported the following: “Everybody went crazy. We all felt like heroes … just like that, we were free.”